|This large, wrought-iron anchor was found buried
fluke-down in the sand, just to the starboard side of the vessel's longitudinal
axis. The shank appears to have been twisted under heavy stress, and is
broken off just below where the wooden stock would have been attached.
The missing portion of the shank would have had an eye for the anchor ring.
Sixteenth-century Spanish anchors were noted for their structural weakness,
perhaps due to a poor grade of iron or method of manufacture.
The anchor signaled the presence of the shipwreck
site. During remote sensing operations off Emanuel Point in August 1992,
the anchor produced a magnetic fluctuation which registered on a magnetometer.
The anomaly led divers to the ballast stones covering the hull of the shipwreck.
Almost completely buried in the sand, the anchor was found later with an
underwater metal detector.
||Test excavations in the forward part of the ship
revealed cooking utensils that suggest this was the location of the ship's
galley, or kitchen. This large copper pitcher, which fell down into the
hold when the ship wrecked, probably was used to heat liquids on the galley
cook stove. The lip, spout, and handle appear to have been fashioned in
one piece, to which was soldered a cone of metal to form the body of the
container; a concave base was then soldered to the body.
|The copper pitcher is as wide at the base as
it is tall. This shape lowered the container's center of gravity and prevented
it from tipping over as the ship rolled and pitched at sea. Metallurgical
analyses revealed that the interior of the pitcher is lined with tin to
prevent contamination of its contents when heated.
||A large copper cauldron was discovered near the
copper pitcher, forward of the main mast area. Two heavy lugs are attached
to thick straps at opposite sides of the shoulder, each of which area fastened
to the body of the cauldron with two copper rivets. The lugs support the
tapered ends of a heavy, solid copper handle, which pass through the eyes
of the lugs but are bent back in opposing directions. The close proximity
of the pitcher and cauldron, both of which are cooking ware, suggests that
this area of the bow was the location of the galley, which would have housed
the ship's cook stove, and other related utensils.
fragments of rope were found in test pits excavated at the forward part
of the ship. Analysis of the cordage revealed two distinct types of fiber:
hemp (Cannabis sativa) and grass. Spanish shipyards used hemp (cañamo)
that was exported from France, Flanders, and sometimes Germany;
however, the Iberian region of Navarre also supplied hemp for the rigging
of ships. Sometimes Spanish shipyards used the grass fiber esparto
instead of hemp. The Emanuel Point Ship appears to have both types of cordage.