The Etna Turpentine Camp
The Etna Turpentine Camp was in operation from 1898 through 1915.
The site is located in the Withlacoochee State Forest and contains considerable archaeological evidence
of daily life in Florida's historical turpentine industry. At its peak, the camp was a thriving town with
over 50 residential buildings. Archaeological research uncovered structures and artifacts from both
domestic life and industrial activities. Florida was the number one producer of turpentine during the
early 20th century. The turpentine industry was major economic development in Citrus County at the time,
and it had a significant impact in the area's settlement.