Celebrate Florida Archaeology Thoughout Our State!

Two images, Top: A catter of Herty cup fragments that are indicative of a turpentine camp; Bottom: A Herty cup used to collect pine resin.

The Etna Turpentine Camp

The Etna Turpentine Camp was in operation from 1898 through 1915. The site is located in the Withlacoochee State Forest and contains considerable archaeological evidence of daily life in Florida's historical turpentine industry. At its peak, the camp was a thriving town with over 50 residential buildings. Archaeological research uncovered structures and artifacts from both domestic life and industrial activities. Florida was the number one producer of turpentine during the early 20th century. The turpentine industry was major economic development in Citrus County at the time, and it had a significant impact in the area's settlement.

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