Olustee Battlefield, Baker County
The largest Civil War skirmish on Florida soil occurred on February 20, 1864 in
Olustee, Over 5,000 Federal and Confederate troops battled for the better part of the day. Federal troops, advancing
from the Jacksonville area, had hoped to cut off Confederate access to important commissary supplies (including beef
cattle), recruit Africans American soldiers, and secure important Florida resources such as cotton, timber, and
turpentine. With over 1,800 casualties, Union troops were forced to retreat to the Jacksonville area where they
remained until the end of the war.