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Archaeologists documenting Pleistocene megafauna fossils at the Wakulla Springs site

Wakulla Springs

Wakulla Springs contains archaeological sites dating to Florida's earliest human occupation. In deep underwater caves, divers have found Pleistocene megafauna, including mammoth remains. The site highlights the drastic environmental shifts that Florida has experienced over the past thousands of years. Ten thousand years ago the water table was 100 feet lower than it is today. Paleoindian (12,000 - 7,500 B.C.) people hunted and gathered resources near springs that were oases in otherwise dry environments. Excavations on dry ground near the spring have uncovered further evidence of paleoindian life including tools used to process animal carcasses to beads used for personal adornment.


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